How do Meditation and Prayer Compare

Praying and meditating might seem similar but there are a lot of distinctions between them.

It could be assumed that there aren’t any distinctions between prayer and meditation. At first glance, both require secluding oneself in a peaceful spot, closing the eyes, and concentrating the thoughts. However, both meditation and prayer have different characteristics and advantages.

Meditation is often defined as narrowing one’s thoughts or trying to make one’s thoughts one-pointed by diverting attention to breathing, a repeated expression, or an item. On the other hand, prayer aims to gently implement one’s ideas and desires to affect the outside world.

In this article, we will examine the distinctions between prayer and meditation and explain the characteristics that will help identify what each practice implies.

Meditation vs Prayer – How We’ll Compare Them

Although prayer and meditation have certain similarities and overlap in other ways, it is worthwhile to examine the two practices closely to determine their distinct implications. We’ll compare praying and meditating using the nine factors mentioned below.

  • Concept
  • Role of Faith
  • Mode of expression
  • Direction of expression
  • Seeking change
  • Level of maturity
  • Duration
  • Timeline of Actualisation
  • Perception feel



Prayer is an expression that seeks to find a connection with something else or a higher power. It’s all about relationships. Many people have even referred to prayer as a “dialogue with God.” Indeed, not every prayer is about begging for or even thanking God for life.

For example, one of the prophets in the Christian tradition says to “pray at all times.” He isn’t referring to constantly begging for goods as if God were Santa Claus and every day was Christmas. Instead, he emphasizes a fundamental concept of a connection: a two-way exchange involving self and a supernatural being.

Although Jungians and psychoanalysts may allude to this as encounters with the individual’s soul or morality, they do not object to an interpretation of double-naturalness. Meaningful prayer becomes a communication with this “Spirit,” irrespective of what that means.


Meditation is not about communicating with God or any external force but finding oneness and clarity inside. It is self-focused, yet it is not self-centered.

If the “unexamined life” is not worth living, then meditation is a vital component that leads to self-unity. Meditation entails being acquainted with the elements and tendencies of one’s soul, divinity, or mind.

The differences between prayer and meditation are pretty obvious, primarily conceptual. Religious individuals utilize prayers to strengthen their relationships and find a connection with God or an external being. Meditation, in contrast, doesn’t include a spiritual relationship or set of practices. The idea is for a person to engage with oneself.

Role of Faith


People from different religions have distinct perspectives on the universe, and the world, what’s true, and what matters. They all pray — (the ones who do pray) — in diverse ways.

Due to the multiplicity of values and customs, their prayers will appear, feel, and be profoundly different from one another. Following a different philosophy of faith alters how people pray. Christians and people from other religions pray to build a relationship with God and achieve a higher understanding of their belief system.


Meditation surpasses boundaries, and while there are variations in mindfulness meditation techniques, the essential aspects of meditation can be practiced by anybody and don’t require a particular set of beliefs.

The role of faith is an important differentiating factor between prayer and meditation. While praying is understood in the context of a connection with God, meditation doesn’t necessarily involve theistic premises.

Mode of expression


Praying involves communicating, speaking, and expressing requests to God; people who pray speak the words out loud or in their hearts. Many Christians consider praying to be a conversation with God.


Meditation focuses on a state of silence in which one acts as a spectator to one’s thoughts to be able to listen to and notice what is going on inside. It is a conversation with one’s spiritual self and finding peace in the present.

The mind is preoccupied. It is continually listening and speaking things, making judgments, and contemplating options, irrespective of whether we’re conscious of it or not.

Interrupting this process through meditation helps one become more mindful and receptive to the words said by the inner self. While praying is commonly understood to be transcendental talk or communion with God.

Direction of expression


Prayer is focused on extending out to contact something other than oneself. Though the concerns voiced in prayer may be personal in characters, such as dread or humiliation, the destination is still beyond ourselves, even if it’s God, a transcendental force, or an unseen entity.


Meditation requires internal expression and does not aim to communicate with God or a higher force.

A prayer is pictured as an outer connection to God, but meditation, by nature, doesn’t have an external direction or ideology. It is just a strategy for increasing consciousness and living a more fulfilling life.

Seeking Change

Prayer involves

Prayer is forward-looking, calling for reform with a focus on how things could be.


Meditation doesn’t represent an essential art form that seeks to challenge, transform, or influence events. On the subject of silence, meditation tries solely to tap into existence on a deep level rather than to change it.

To meditate is not to question if what is here is sufficient but to work entirely within the constraints of what is currently existing. At the same time, prayer seeks knowledge, security, and blessings for what is ahead.

However, both prayer and meditation are necessary. To reach the destination one wants, one must also figure out one’s current location; similarly, to get away from one’s current location one must understand where one is headed.

Level of Maturity


Prayer, whether for making a wish, offering gratitude, or extending to God, gods, or a different power, is possible for people of all ages – as long as they can speak and imagine. In reality, prayer may be much simpler for youngsters, who have a far higher potential to relate to the unknown than most grownups.


Meditation necessitates a certain amount of maturity. Youngsters are seldom able to stay silent and attentive in the manner that meditation necessitates.

Prayer and meditation make some effort to become familiar with and skilled at. While meditation’s ultimate meaning is to increase sensitivity to the mental and physical complexities, prayer could just be communicating.



Though prayer might be ceremonial, it could also be individual and does not need long periods of attention. Prayer is a plea for the help or influence of God or some higher power or entity.


Meditation is a self-reliant and liberating activity that improves attention and focus skills. As a result, practicing takes time and patience.

Though the time and degree of attention differ, meditating is often a more extended practice with continuous focus. In contrast, prayer is shorter in duration and simply needs a more calm concentration.

Timeline of Actualisation


Prayer is mainly future-oriented, with what might happen. It does not necessitate attention to the current moment but instead the expression of a prospective future vision. People pray to God or appeal to the universe for a vision of the future they want.


Meditation is not practiced to affect something. Instead, it takes a deep breath of everything already there to experience ultimate meaning. It is focused on everything that is happening in the present moment, how one is feeling mentally and psychologically, and the stream of thought going on in one’s head.

Meditation seeks to sharpen one’s understanding and deal with the human soul as it is without judgment. However, if one judges existence, meditation only makes one conscious that one is acting in this manner without reacting to the judgment.

Prayers are said for future prosperity or recovery in most adverse times, such as when a person is nervous about a business meeting, an exam, or when a loved one or friend is critically ill.

In such cases, people meditate to relax and give their concerns and fears space to be acknowledged, processed, and washed away. However, prayer is offered in various ways with the hope of bringing about peace and a change in conditions, both real and perceived.

Perception Feel


Prayer is the act of being on the lookout for an indication. It actively seeks conversation, responsiveness, and the voice of a presence other than one’s thoughts. It is the sense of being in another dimension, being increasingly in touch with God and the heavenly dialogue, and a deep look at one’s soul.


Meditation is mainly responsible for the perceptual faculties of the person since it is focused on what is happening right now and pulls one’s awareness into the feelings that one experiences inside— and the ideas that flow through one’s brain.

This all-encompassing duality of ideas and sensations under the banner of “sensation” alludes to the core of meditation: mindfulness. It is not just conscious of the ideas in one’s thoughts but also of what one’s body is feeling.

Meditation helps one become aware of a more vibrant picture of the mental and physical world, from muscular pains to a stiff neck to shallow breathing. It delves in and responds to the various signals sent by the body’s unexplored parts, bringing bodily expression to the surface.

Meditation aims at increasing attention to be comfortable with the whole range of human sensations and the weight of overthinking without focusing on your ideas. Whereas prayer involves using one’s thoughts and emotions to interact with God to be relieved from destructive emotions and situations.

The Breakdown

Let’s summarise the differences between prayer and meditation

It is an expression that seeks to unite with someone else ConceptIt is about finding oneness and clarity inside 
Following a different philosophy of faith alters one’s prayer.  Role of FaithMeditation surpasses boundaries, and the essential aspects of meditation could be practiced by anybody 
Talking, speaking, and expressing requests are all part of prayer.Mode of expressionMeditation is focused on a state of silence in which one acts as a spectator to one’s thoughts. 
Prayer is focused on extending out to contact something other than oneself. Direction of expressionMeditation is an internal expression and does not aim to communicate with a higher force. 
Prayer is forward-looking, calling for reform with a focus on how things could be.  Seeking changeMeditation doesn’t represent an art form that seeks to challenge, transform, or influence events. 
Prayer is possible for people of all ages – as long as they can speak and imagine. Level of maturityMeditation necessitates a certain amount of maturity. 
Though prayer might be ceremonial, it could also be individual and does not need long periods of attention. DurationMeditation is a self-reliant and liberating activity that requires time and patience.
Prayer is primarily concerned with the future, with what might happen. Timeline of ActualisationMeditation is focused on everything that is happening right now, how one is feeling mentally and psychologically, and the stream of thought going on in one’s head.  
Prayer is on the lookout for an indication. It actively seeks contact, responsiveness, and the voice of something other than one’s own thoughts. Perception feelMeditation is mainly responsible for the perceptual faculties of the person since it is focused on what is happening right now and pulls one’s awareness into the feelings that one experiences. 

Final Thoughts

The essential differences between meditation and prayer have all been examined in this article; now comes the most significant question: are meditation and prayer the same thing, or is there a difference?

“It varies,” which is the disappointing response to many complex issues in human history, is the ideal and most straightforward answer. But what about the detailed answer?

Meditation and prayer vary in that they send force in opposite ways. Though prayer has the potential to explore a person’s brain, soul, and energy, and meditation can communicate with a being that is speaking inwardly, the primary force of meditation is flowing inside, and prayer is traveling outwardly.

However, the more questions about their distinctions are raised, the more the borders between them start to disappear.

Is it possible that most individuals who pray and meditate do it concurrently, or at least reasonably close to each other? With a bit of thought, it’s easy to see how prayer and meditation complement one another.

A person sits on a carpet, or a chair takes a long breath, and relaxes within their body. One experiences discomfort in their leg muscles and stiffness in one’s neck. With a sharp intake of breath, one relieves the apparent tensions in both of these places and sinks into the body more deeply.

Now the individual is prepared to extend out, experiencing the tug of a desire to communicate, discuss, and connect with someone for companionship or direction in this world and the universe.

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