Om is often chanted at the beginning and end of yoga class.

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Yoga instructors usually utilize the standard language of yoga, Sanskrit, throughout course. Sanskrit predates Greek and Latin and first appeared in written type around 1,500 B.C. In the yogic custom, Sanskrit’s used to explain yoga terms.

The Eight-Limb Path

The Yoga Sutra, written by the Indian sage Patanjali, describes yoga as having eight limbs or actions. The first two limbs are yama and niyama, which means mean ethical disciplines and regulations of conduct consisting of honesty, non-violence, non-stealing, purity and devotion. Asana, the next limb, is used to explain the yoga workout routines and posses. Next is pranayama or breath control. Pratyahara refers to withdrawal of attachments to external objects. The next limbs, dharana and dhyana, explain the mental concentration and mind-calming exercise required to reach the last limb, samadhi. Samadhi, meanings union with the divine, is the supreme spiritual location for a yoga practitioner.


In a yoga course, your teacher guides you through a series of positions called asana. These postures all have a name in Sanskrit that ends with the root of ‘asana.’ For instance, the downward-facing pet present is called adho mukha svanasana in Sanskrit. Other usual posture names consist of trikonasana for triangle position and vrkasana for tree pose. Typically yoga instructors will use both the Sanskrit and English names to explained positions.

Breath Work

Another usual focus of yoga classes is breath work or pranayama. Breathing workout routines peaceful the mind in preparation for both asana and meditation. Dirgha breath, likewise called three-part breath, is a deep breath used at the start of course for focusing and focus. Ujjayi breath is a loud, deep breath utilized throughout course to help guide movements and transitions from one pose to the next.


At the start and end of yoga course, educators typically chant a rule such as ‘om,’ considered to be the sound of deep space. Chanting a concept is an additional means to prepare the mind for meditation. Yoga instructors often close class with ‘namaste,’ meanings ‘the light in me greets the light in you.’